Kevin Baumgartner, MD

Kevin Baumgartner, MD

Director of Quality Improvement: Division of Medical Toxicology, Assistant Professor, Emergency Medicine


I am an Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine in the Division of Medical Toxicology at Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine. My clinical research focuses on the safe and effective use of sedatives and psychoactive medications in acute medical care, particularly in the emergency department (ED). My current primary focus is the use of dexmedetomidine (DEX) in the ED environment. My key publications in this area include two systematic reviews on the use of DEX, one focused on the treatment of toxicologic conditions, and one covering all uses of DEX in the ED. My research team recently completed a prospective observational cohort study of the use of DEX in the ED, which I am preparing to submit for publication. I have successfully obtained grant funding for my clinical research, including a grant from the Washington University Institute of Clinical & Translational Sciences that supported by prospective study of DEX in the ED and an ongoing grant from the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine Foundation to study the human immune response to crotalid envenomation. My editorial work as a member of the editorial board of Clinical Toxicology and my work as a reviewer for several other journals, including Critical Care Medicine, has allowed me to obtain extensive useful experience in research methods and manuscript development. I have obtained focused instruction and mentoring on clinical research through my participation in the ANTIDOTE Institute (a yearlong research course incorporating mentoring & project development, sponsored by the American College of Medical Toxicology).


  • B.S., Conferred With Departmental Honors & With Distinction, Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, 2011
  • M.D., Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, 2015


  • Residency: Barnes Jewish Hospital/ Washington University School of Medicine- Emergency Medicine, St Louis, MO, 2019
  • Medical Toxicology Fellowship: Washington University School of Medicine- Department of Emergency Medicine, St Louis, MO, 2021

Licensure and Board Certification

  • Missouri
  • Board Certified, Emergency Medicine
  • Board Certified, Medical Toxicology

Honors and Awards

  • Fellow-in-Training Member, Editorial Board, Clinical Toxicology, 2020-2021
  • Participant, ANTIDOTE Research Institute, American College of Medical Toxicology, 2021-2022
  • Golden Stethoscope Award (for clinical teaching), WUSM Emergency Medicine Residency Graduating Class of 2022

Recent Publications

  1. Alexandra Amaducci, Sharan L Campleman, Shao Li… Toxicology Investigators Consortium Study Group. The Toxicology Investigators Consortium 2022 Annual Report. J Med Toxicol. 2023 Aug 29. Online ahead of print.
  2. Neta Cohen, Matthew Mathew, Jeffrey Brent… Kevin Baumgartner, et al. Severe outcomes following pediatric cannabis intoxication: a prospective cohort study of an international toxicology surveillance registry. Clin Toxicol. 2023 Aug 21;1-8. Online ahead of print.
  3. Baumgartner K, Groff V, Yaeger LH, Fuller BM. The use of dexmedetomidine in the emergency department: A systematic review. Acad Emerg Med. 2023 Mar;30(3):196-208. doi: 10.1111/acem.14636. Epub 2022 Dec 19. Review. PubMed PMID: 36448276.
  4. Basse J, Ruha AM, Baumgartner K, Mullins ME, Greene S, Wax PM, Brent J, Campleman S, Schwarz ES. Clinical Presentations, Treatments, and Outcomes of Non-native Snake Envenomations in the United States Reported in the North American Snakebite Registry. J Med Toxicol. 2023 Jan;19(1):16-25. doi: 10.1007/s13181-022-00912-4. Epub 2022 Sep 29. PubMed PMID: 36175787; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC9813297.
  5. Baumgartner K, Doering And M, Mullins ME. Dexmedetomidine in the treatment of toxicologic conditions: a systematic review and review of the toxicology investigators consortium database. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2022 Dec;60(12):1356-1375. doi: 10.1080/15563650.2022.2138761. Epub 2022 Nov 8. PubMed PMID: 36346349.
  6. Baumgartner K, Liss D, Devgun J, Mullins ME, Schwarz E. Management of Toxin-Related Seizures. Ann Emerg Med. 2022 Dec;80(6):572-573. doi: 10.1016/j.annemergmed.2022.07.029. PubMed PMID: 36404003.
  7. Stephens RJ, Filip AB, Baumgartner KT, Schwarz ES, Liss DB. Benzonatate Overdose Presenting as Cardiac Arrest with Rapidly Narrowing QRS Interval. J Med Toxicol. 2022 Oct;18(4):344-349. doi: 10.1007/s13181-022-00904-4. Epub 2022 Jul 5. PubMed PMID: 35790679; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC9492832.
  8. Baumgartner K, Fishburn S, Mullins ME. Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs Are Safe and Appropriate for the Treatment of Copperhead Envenomations. Wilderness Environ Med. 2022 Sep;33(3):361. doi: 10.1016/j.wem.2022.04.007. Epub 2022 May 27. PubMed PMID: 35644736.
  9. Baumgartner K, Salmo E, Liss D, Devgun J, Mullins M, Galati B, Kelly J, Schwarz E. Transdermal buprenorphine for in-hospital transition from full agonist opioids to sublingual buprenorphine: a retrospective observational cohort study. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2022 Jun;60(6):688-693. doi: 10.1080/15563650.2022.2028802. Epub 2022 Jan 20. PubMed PMID: 35048759.
  10. Mullins ME, Schwarz ES, Liss DB, Devgun JM, Baumgartner KT. Comment on “Crotalidae Polyvalent Immune Fab and Cost-Effective Management of Hospital Admissions for Snakebites”. Am Surg. 2022 Jun;88(6):1379-1380. doi: 10.1177/00031348221078965. Epub 2022 Apr 3. PubMed PMID: 35373591.
  11. Mullins ME, Schwarz ES, Liss DB, Baumgartner KT, Devgun JM. How Should Native Crotalid Envenomation Be Managed in the Emergency Department?. J Emerg Med. 2022 Jan;62(1):131-132. doi: 10.1016/j.jemermed.2021.07.022. PubMed PMID: 35090730.
  12. Mullins ME, Freeman WE, Baumgartner KT. Use of lay media for epidemiology of snakebite fatality. Am J Emerg Med. 2021 Sep;47:287-288. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2021.05.059. Epub 2021 May 25. PubMed PMID: 34083110.
  13. Baumgartner K, Devgun J. Toxicology of Medications for Diabetes Mellitus. Crit Care Clin. 2021 Jul;37(3):577-589. doi: 10.1016/j.ccc.2021.03.007. Review. PubMed PMID: 34053707.
  14. Baumgartner K, Filip A, Liss D, Devgun J, Schwarz E, Mullins M. N-acetylcysteine for acetaminophen toxicity: The one-bag regimen. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2021 May;87(5):2399-2400. doi: 10.1111/bcp.14631. Epub 2020 Nov 15. PubMed PMID: 33190332.
  15. Baumgartner K, Mullins M. Pediatric clonidine and guanfacine poisoning: a single-center retrospective review. Toxicology communications. 2021 February; 5(1):61-65. doi: 10.1080/24734306.2021.1878322.
  16. Baumgartner K, Doering M, Schwarz E. Vilazodone poisoning: a systematic review. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2020 May;58(5):360-367. doi: 10.1080/15563650.2019.1691221. Epub 2019 Nov 28. PubMed PMID: 31777303.
  17. Baumgartner K, Mullins M. Management of Copperhead Snake Envenomation. Case Reports in Acute Medicine. 2020 January. doi: 10.1159/000505420.
  18. Baumgartner KT, Fishburn SJ, Mullins ME. Current Management of Copperhead Snakebites in Missouri. Mo Med. 2019 May-Jun;116(3):201-205. PubMed PMID: 31527942; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6690278.
  19. Antonoff MB, Puri V, Meyers BF, Baumgartner K, Bell JM, Broderick S, Krupnick AS, Kreisel D, Patterson GA, Crabtree TD. Comparison of pyloric intervention strategies at the time of esophagectomy: is more better?. Ann Thorac Surg. 2014 Jun;97(6):1950-7; discussion 1657-8. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2014.02.046. Epub 2014 Apr 21. PubMed PMID: 24751155; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4140218.

Recent Speaking Events

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Alcohol & Opioid Withdrawal. VA Fundamentals Series, Washington University School of Medicine, Internal Medicine Residency. July 3rd 2023.

Kevin Baumgartner MD.  Alcohol withdrawal in the admitted patient. Noon Conference, Washington University School of Medicine, Internal Medicine Residency. May 22nd 2023.

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Treatment of pain in patients with opioid use disorder. Pain Seminar, Washington University School of Medicine, Division of Pain Management. April 6th 2023.

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Treatment of opioid use disorder in the hospitalized patient. Grand Rounds, St. Louis University, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience, May 5th 2022.

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Serotonin toxicity. Grand Rounds, Washington University School of Medicine, Division of Hospital Medicine. April 20th 2022.

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Fungus Among Us. Peoria & Springfield EM Residency Conferences, January 2021. 

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Fungus Among Us. WashU EM Residency Conference, November 2020. 

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Pediatric Lead Poisoning. WashU Pediatrics Conference, November 2020. 

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Now I Wanna Sniff Some Glue. WashU EM Residency Conference, August 2020. 

Kevin Baumgartner MD and Evan Schwarz MD. Toxicology for EMS. Missouri/Arkansas AirEvac. August 2020. 

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Better Know a Benzo. WashU EM Residency Conference, May 2020. 

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine. Peoria & Springfield EM Residency Conferences, April 2020.  

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine. Wash EM Residency Conference, March 2020.  

Brian Bausano MD, Kevin Baumgartner MD, Lindsay Wasser. Building a Boot Camp. Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD) Academic Assembly, New York City, March 2020. 

Kevin Baumgartner MD. Too Much Iron in Your Blood. WashU EM Residency Conference, March 2020. 

Recent Editorial, Educational, and Service Work

Member, Editorial Board, Clinical Toxicology

Member, GRACE-4 Working Group on Non-Opioid Substance Dependence, Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM)

Co-Director, Introduction to Addiction Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine

For full publication list, please see my NCBI bibliography at