Christopher Carpenter, MD, MSC, FACEP, FAAEM, AGSF

Professor, Emergency Medicine, Emergency Care Research Core

Professor, Emergency Medicine
Director, Evidence Based Medicine, Washington University Division of Emergency Medicine

Education

  • B.S., Chemistry, Hope College, Holland Michigan 1990
  • M.D., Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 1994
  • M.Sc., Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, 2007

Training

  • Residency, Emergency Medicine/Internal Medicine, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 2003
  • Chief Resident, Emergency/Internal Medicine, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 2003

Licensure and Board Certification

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Internal Medicine

Honors and Awards

  • Godfrey Chemistry Scholarship, 1987
  • Kent County Medical Foundation Award, 1990
  • Meritorious Unit Commendation, United States Navy, 1994
  • Fleet Marine Force Ribbon, United States Marine Corps, 1998
  • Navy Commendation Award, United States Marine Corps, 1998
  • Emergency Medicine Foundation Resident Research Grant, 2002
  • Allegheny General Hospital Emergency Medicine Outstanding Clinician Award, 2003
  • Allegheny General Hospital Excellence in Ambulatory Medicine Award, 2003
  • Allegheny General Hospital Kenneth Mitchum Resident Award, 2003
  • American College of Emergency Physicians, Pennsylvania Chapter, Best Resident Research Presentation, 2nd Place, 2003
  • Barnes-Jewish Hospital Golden Stethoscope Award (Outstanding Teacher), 2004
  • Barnes-Jewish Hospital Golden Apple Award (Outstanding Teacher), 2005
  • Washington University Center for Aging Kopolow Award (Clinical Care), 2006
  • EMRA Award for Excellence in Teaching (National Award), 2006
  • Academic Emergency Medicine Outstanding Reviewer (National Award), 2009
  • Academic Emergency Medicine Outstanding Reviewer (National Award), 2010
  • Barnes-Jewish Hospital Golden Apple Award (Outstanding Teacher), 2010
  • Washington University Distinguished Educator House Staff Teaching Award, 2012
  • SAEM Academy of Geriatric Emergency Medicine Gerson-Sanders Award, 2017
  • SAEM Academy of Geriatric Emergency Medicine Career Achievement Award

Publications

  1. Carpenter CR, Heard K, Wilber S, Ginde AA, Stiffler K, Gerson LW, Wenger NS, Miller DK; Research priorities for high quality geriatric emergency care: medication management, screening and prevention, and functional assessment, Acad Emerg Med 2011; 18: 644-654. PMID:21676064 PMCID:PMC3117251
  2. Carpenter CR, Shah MN, Hustey FM, Heard K, Gerson LW, Miller DK; High yield research opportunities in geriatric emergency medicine: prehospital care, delirium, adverse drug events, and falls; J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2011; 66: 775-783. PMID:21498881 PMCID:PMC3143344
  3. Carpenter CR, Bassett ER, Fischer GM, Shirshekan J, Galvin JE, Morris JC; Four sensitive screening tools to detect cognitive dysfunction in geriatric emergency department patients: Brief Alzheimer’s Screen, Short Blessed Test, Ottawa3DY, and the Caregiver Administered AD8, Acad Emerg Med 2011; 18: 374-384. PMID:21496140 PMCID:PMC2080244
  4. Carpenter CR, Griffey RT, Stark S, Coopersmith CM, Gage BF; Physician and Nurse Acceptance of Geriatric Technicians to Screen for Geriatric Syndromes in the Emergency Department, Western J Emerg Med 2011; 12: 489-495. PMID:22224145 PMCID:PMC3236152
  5. Carpenter CR, Schuur JD, Everett WW, Pines JM; Evidence based diagnostics: Septic arthritis, Acad Emerg Med 2011; 18: 782-796. PMID:21843213 PMCID:PMC3229263
  6. Carpenter CR; ACP Journal Club: Which medications are associated with incident delirium? Ann Intern Med 2012 Apr;59(4):321-2. PMID:21839541 PMCID:PMC3279593
  7. Worster A, Kulasegaram M, Carpenter CR, Vallera T, Upadhye S, Sherbino J, Haynes RB; Inter-rater reliability assessment of the Best Evidence in Emergency Medicine (BEEM) Rater Scale, a medical literature rating tool for emergency physicians, Acad Emerg Med 2011; 18: 1193-2000. PMID:22092904 PMCID:PMC3240997
  8. Carpenter CR; Which medications are associated with incident delirium? Ann Emerg Med 2012; 59: 321-322. PMID:21839541 PMCID:PMC3279593
  9. Carpenter CR, Keim S, Worster A, Rosen P; BNP in the evaluation of emergency department dyspnea. Is there a role? J Emerg Med 2012; 42: 197-205. PMID:22123173 PMCID:PMC3278503
  10. Powell BJ, McMillen JC, Proctor EK, Carpenter CR, Griffey RT, Bunger AC, Glass JE, York JL: A compilation of strategies for implementing clinical innovations in health and mental health, Med Care Res Rev 2012; 69: 123-157. PMCID:22203646 PMCID:PMC3524416
  11. Carpenter CR, Platts-Mills TF; Evolving prehospital, emergency department, and “inpatient” management models for geriatric emergencies, Clin Geriatr Med 2013; 29: 31-47. PMID:23177599 PMCID:PMC3875836
  12. Fuller B, Mohr NM, Carpenter CR; Protective ventilation for patients without acute respiratory distress syndrome, JAMA 2013; 309: 654-655. PMID:23423402
  13. Fuller B, Mohr N, Drewry AM, Carpenter CR; Lower tidal volume at initiation of mechanical ventilation may reduce progression to acute respiratory distress syndrome: A systematic review. Crit Care Med 2013; 17(1): R11. PMID:23331507 PMCID:PMC3983656
  14. Carpenter CR, Pines JM; The end of x-rays for suspected small bowel obstruction? Using evidence based diagnostics to inform best practices in emergency medicine, Acad Emerg Med 2013; 20: 618-620. PMID:23692209
  15. Marschall J, Carpenter CR, Fowler S, Trautner BA; Antibiotic prophylaxis for urinary tract infection after urinary catheter removal: a meta-analysis, BMJ 2013; 346: f3147. PMID:23757735 PMCID:PMC3678514
  16. Carpenter CR, Sarli CC, Fowler SA, Kulasegaram K, Vallera T, Lapaine P, Schalet G, Worster A; BEEM Rater Scores Correlate with Publications’ Future Citations, Acad Emerg Med 2013; 20: 1004-1012. PMID:24127703
  17. Carpenter CR; Ultrasound Imaging Reduces Failed Lumbar Punctures and Epidural Catheterizations, Ann Intern Med 2013; 159: JC10 PMID:23856696
  18. Kohn MA, Carpenter CR, Newman TB; Understanding the direction of bias in studies of diagnostic test accuracy, Acad Emerg Med 2013; 32: 2116-2121. PMID:24238322
  19. Carpenter CR, Cone D; Promoting Stewardship of Academic Productivity in Emergency Medicine: Using the h-index to Advance Beyond the Impact Factor, Acad Emerg Med 2013; 20: 1067-1069. PMID:24127713
  20. Carpenter CR, Pines JM, Schuur JS, Calfee RC, Muir M, Raja AS; Evidence Based Diagnostics: Adult scaphoid fracture, Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21: 102-121. PMID:24673666
  21. Carpenter CR; Deteriorating Functional Status in Older Adults Following Emergency Department Evaluation of Minor Trauma – Opportunities and Pragmatic Challenges, J Am Geriatr Soc 2013; 61: 1806-1807. PMID:24117290
  22. Powell BJ, Proctor EK, Glisson CA, Kohl PL, Raghavan R, Brownson RC, Stoner BP, Carpenter CR, Palinkas LA; A mixed methods multiple case study of implementation as usual in children’s social service organizations: Study protocol, Implement Sci 2013; 8: 92. PMID:23961701 PMCID:PMC3751866
  23. Carpenter CR, Kaphingst KA, Goodman MS, Lin MJ, Melson A, Griffey RT; Feasibility and diagnostic accuracy of brief health literacy and numeracy instruments in an urban emergency department, Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21: 137-146. PMID:24673669 PMCID:PMC4042843
  24. Carpenter CR; Evidence based medicine and the rural emergency physician, J Rural Emerg Med 2013; 1: 10-25.
  25. Griffey RT, Melson AT, Lin MJ, Carpenter CR, Goodman MS, Kaphingst KA; Does Numeracy Correlate with Measures of Health Literacy in the Emergency Department? Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21: 147-153. PMID:24673670 PMCID:PMC3970174
  26. Carpenter CR; Dementia and the rural emergency department, J Rural Emerg Med 2013; 1: 10-18.
  27. Hogan TM, Olade TO, Carpenter CR; A Profile of Acute Care in an Aging America: Snowball Sample Identification and Characterization of United States Geriatric Emergency Departments in 2013, Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21: 337-346. PMID:24628759
  28. Hwang U, Shah MN, Han JH, Carpenter CR, Siu AL, Adams JG; At the Crossroads of the Emergency Department and the Aging Population: Navigating Emergency Care for Older Patients, Health Affairs 2013; 32: 2116-2121. PMID:24301394 PMCID:PMC4070367
  29. Carpenter CR; In suspected ACS a diagnostic protocol using high-sensitivity troponin identified patients at low risk for cardiac events at 30 days, Ann Intern Med 2014; 160: JC13. PMID:24638179
  30. Kaphingst KA, Goodman MS, MacMillan WD, Carpenter CR, Griffey RT; Effect of cognitive dysfunction on the relationship between age and health literacy. Patient Educ Counsel 2014; 95: 218-225. PMID:24629836 PMCID:PMC4172373
  31. Carpenter CR, Bromley M, Caterino JM, Chun A, Gerson LW, Greenspan J, Hwang U, John DP, Lyons WL, Platts-Mills TF, Mortensen B, Ragsdale L, Rosenberg M, Wilber M; Optimal older adult emergency care: Introducing multidisciplinary geriatric emergency department guidelines from the American College of Emergency Physicians, American Geriatrics Society, Emergency Nurses Association, and Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, J Am Geriatr Soc 2014; 62: 1360-1363. PMID:24890806
  32. Carpenter CR, Bromley M, Caterino JM, Chun A, Gerson LW, Greenspan J, Hwang U, John DP, Lyons WL, Platts-Mills TF, Mortensen B, Ragsdale L, Rosenberg M, Wilber M; Optimal older adult emergency care: Introducing multidisciplinary geriatric emergency department guidelines from the American College of Emergency Physicians, American Geriatrics Society, Emergency Nurses Association, and Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21: 806-809. PMID:25117158
  33. Carpenter CR, Bromley M, Caterino JM, Chun A, Gerson LW, Greenspan J, Hwang U, John DP, Lyons WL, Platts-Mills TF, Mortensen B, Ragsdale L, Rosenberg M, Wilber M; Optimal older adult emergency care: Introducing multidisciplinary geriatric emergency department guidelines from the American College of Emergency Physicians, American Geriatrics Society, Emergency Nurses Association, and Society for Academic Emergency Medicine, Ann Emerg Med 2014; 63: e1-e3. PMID:24746436
  34. Geriatric Emergency Department Guidelines, Ann Emerg Med 2014; 63: e7-e25. PMID:24746437
  35. Sarli CA, Carpenter CR; An overview of measuring academic productivity and changing definitions of scientific impact, Missouri Medicine 2014; 111: 403-407. PMID:25438359
  36. Carpenter CR, Cone DC, Sarli CC; Using Bibliometrics to Highlight Academic Productivity and Research Impact: An Introduction to Contemporary Resources, Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21: 1160-1172. PMID:25308141
  37. Carpenter CR, Raja AS; Arming the Bayesian physician to rule-out pulmonary embolism: Using evidence based diagnostics to combat over-testing, Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21: 1036-1038. PMID:25269585
  38. Carpenter CR, Avidan MS, Wildes T, Stark S, Fowler SA, Lo AX; Predicting community-dwelling older adult falls following an episode of emergency department care: a systematic review, Acad Emerg Med 2014; 21: 1069-1082.
  39. Betz ME, Genco E, Carpenter CR, Carr DB. Driving Self-Restriction and Age: A Study of Emergency Department Patients, Injury Epidemiology (2014).
  40. Neta G, Glasgow RE, Carpenter CR, Grimshaw JM, Rabin BA, Fernandez ME, Brownson RC; A framework for enhancing the value of research for dissemination and implementation, Am J Public Health (2014). PMID:25393182 PMCID:PMC4265905
  41. Carpenter CR, Shelton E, Fowler SA, Suffoletto B, Platts-Mills TF, Rothman RE, Hogan T; Risk factors and screening instruments to predict adverse outcomes for older emergency department patients: a systematic review, Acad Emerg Med (2014) PMID:25565487
  42. Wildes T, Dua P, Fowler SA, Miller P, Carpenter CR, Avidan M, Stark S; Systematic review of falls in older adults with cancer, J Geriatr Oncol (2014) PMID:25454770 PMCID:PMC4297689
  43. Milne WK, Choo EK, Carpenter CR; Hot off the presses: assessing older adult fall risk in the emergency department, Acad Emerg Med 2015; 22: 121-123. PMID:25565493
  44. Griffey RT, Shin N, Jones S, Aginam N, Gross M, Kinsella Y, Williams JA, Carpenter CR, Goodman M, Kaphingst KA; The Impact of Teach Back on Comprehension of Discharge Instructions and Satisfaction Among Emergency Patients with Limited Health Literacy: A Randomized, Controlled Trial, J Commun Healthc 2015; 8: 10-21.
  45. Carpenter CR, Lo AX; Falling behind? Understanding Implementation Science in Future Emergency Department Management Strategies for Geriatric Falls Prevention, Acad Emerg Med 2015; 22: 478-480. PMID:25773739
  46. Hess EP, Grudzen CR, Thompson R, Raja AS, Cone DC, Carpenter CR; Shared decision making in the emergency department: respecting patient autonomy when seconds count, Acad Emerg Med (2015). PMID:26112797
  47. Fuller B, Mohr N, Skrupky L, Fowler SA, Kollef M, Carpenter CR; The use of inhaled prostaglandins in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis, Chest 2015; 147: 1510-1522. PMCID:PMC4451707
  48. Goodman, MS, Griffey RT, Carpenter CR, Blanchard M, Kaphingst KA; Do subjective measures improve the ability to identify inadequate health literacy in a clinical setting? J Am Board Family Med 2015; 28: 584-594. PMID:26355130
  49. Scott KR, Milne WK, Arora S, Carpenter CR; Hot off the press: Post-emergency department automated messaging to improve follow-up compliance – What is the Number Needed to Text? Acad Emerg Med 2015; 22: 639-641. PMID:25903049
  50. Drake A, Milne WK, Carpenter CR; Hot off the press: Subdissociative dose ketamine for acute pain in the ED, Acad Emerg Med 2015; 22: 887-889. PMID:26130219
  51. Otterness K, Milne WK, Carpenter CR; Hot off the press: B-lines and focused lung ultrasound to diagnose acute heart failure in dyspneic patients, Acad Emerg Med (2015). PMID:26291622
  52. Hwang U, Carpenter C; Assessing geriatric vulnerability for post emergency department adverse outcomes: challenges abound while progress is slow, Emerg Med J (2015). PMID:26311417
  53. Finnerty NM, Rodriguez R, Carpenter CR, Sun B, Theyyunni N, Ohle R, Dodd K, Schoenfeld E, Elm K, Kline J, Holmes JF, Kuppermann N; Clinical decision rules for diagnostic imaging in the emergency department: A research agenda, Acad Emerg Med (2015).
  54. Kanzaria HK, McCabe A, Meisel Z, LeBlanc A, Schaffer JT, Bellolio MF, Vaughan W, Applegate KE, Hollander JE, Grudzen CR, Mills AM, Carpenter CR, Hess EP; Advanced patient-centered outcomes in emergency department diagnostic imaging: A research agenda. Acad Emerg Med (2015).
  55. Carpenter CR, Raja AS, Brown MD; Overtesting and the downstream consequences of overtreatment: Implications of “Preventing Overdiagnosis” for Emergency Medicine, Acad Emerg Med (2015)
  56. Zozula A, Carpenter CR, Lipsey K, Stark S; Can prehospital emergency services reduce falls or fall-related morbidity in community-dwelling older adults?  A systematic review, Emerg Med J 2016; 33:  345-350.
  57. Li Y, Carpenter CR, Nicholson K, Milne WK; Diagnostic accuracy of the iCare rebound tonometer compared to the Perkins applanation tonometer in assessing intraocular pressure in rural patients, Diagnosis 2015; 2:  227-234.
  58. Carpenter CR; In acute low back pain, adding oxycodone/acetaminophen or cyclobenzabrine to naproxen did not improve pain or function, Ann Intern Med 2016;  164: JC19.
  59. Dahn CM, Milne WK, Carpenter CR; Hot Off the Press:  Do Emergency Department-Based Predischarge Educational Interventions for Adult Asthma Patients Improve Outcomes?  Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23:  650-652.
  60. Cullison K, Carpenter CR, Milne WK; Hot Off the Press: Use of Shared Decision-Making for Management of Acute Musculoskeletal Pain in Older Adults Discharged from the Emergency Department, Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23:  956-958.
  61. Carpenter CR, Hussain AM, Ward MJ, Zipfel GJ, Fowler S, Pines JM, Sivilotti MLA; Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in the Emergency Department:  A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis Describing the Diagnostic Accuracy of History, Physical Exam, Imaging, and Lumbar Puncture with an Exploration of Test Thresholds, Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23:  963-1003.
  62. Griffey RT, Schneider RM, Adler LM, Capp R, Carpenter CR, Farmer BM, Groner KY, Hodkins S, McCammon CA, Powell JT, Sather JE, Schuur JD, Shapiro MJ, Sharp BR, Venkatesh AK, Vrablik MC, Wiler JL; Development of an Emergency Department Trigger Tool Using a Systematic Search and Modified Delphi Process, J Patient Saf 2020; 16:  e11-e17. 
  63. Grudzen CR, Anderson JR, Carpenter CR, Hess EP; Shared Decision Making in the Emergency Department:  Development of a Policy-Relevant Patient-Centered Research Agenda, Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23:  1313-1319.
  64. Dodd KW, Berman A, Brown J, Carr BG, Dunn P, Escobedo M, Gayer C, Grieser M, Carpenter C, Hess EP, Grudzen CR; Funding Research in Emergency Department Shared Decision Making:  A Summary of the 2016 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference Panel Discussion,  Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23:  1340-1345.
  65. Kanzaria H, Booker-Vaughns J, Itakura K, Yadav K, Kane B, Gayer C, Lin G, Leblanc A, Gibson R, Chen E, Williams P, Carpenter CR; Dissemination and Implementation of Shared Decision-Making into Clinical Practice:  A Research Agenda, Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23:  1368-1379.
  66. Hogan TM, Richmond N, Carpenter CR, Biese K, Hwang U, Shah MN, Escobedo M, Berman A, Broder JS, Platts-Mills TF, Shared Decision Making to Improve the Emergency Care of Older Adults:  A Research Agenda, Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23:  1386-1393.
  67. Sepucha K, Breslin M, Graffeo C, Carpenter CR, Hess EP; State of the Science:  Tools and Measurement for Shared Decision Making, Acad Emerg Med 2016; 23:  1325-1331.
  68. Prusaczyk B, Cherney SM, Carpenter CR, DuBois JM; Informed Consent with Cognitively Impaired Adults:  Transdisciplinary Challenges and Opportunities, Clinical Gerontologist 2017; 40:  63-73.
  69. Chan T, Thoma B, Krishnan K, Lin M, Carpenter CR; Astin M, Kulasegaram K; The Derivation of Critical Appraisal Scores for Use by Junior Trainees to Evaluate Online Educational Resources:  a METR:IQ Study, WJEM 2016; 17:  574-584.
  70. Nagaraj G, Burkett E, Hullick C, Carpenter CR, Arendts G; Is Delirium the Medical Emergency We Know Least About?  Emerg Med Australasia 2016; 28:  456-458.
  71. Lo BM, Carpenter CR, Hatten BW, Wright BJ, Brown MD; American College of Emergency Physicians Clinical Policy:  Critical Issues in the Evaluation of Adult Patients with Suspected Transient Ischemic Attack in the Emergency Department, Ann Emerg Med 2016; 68:  354-370.
  72. Beach SR, Carpenter CR, Rosen T, Sharps P, Gelles R; Screening and Detection of Elder Abuse:  Research Opportunities and Lessons Learned from Emergency Geriatric Care, Intimate Partner Violence, and Child Abuse, J Elder Abuse Neglect 2016; 28:  185-216.
  73. Arendts G, Carpenter C, Hullick C, Burkett E, Nagaraj G, Rogers I; Approach to Death in the Older Emergency Department Patient, Emerg Med Australasia 2016; 28:  730-734.
  74. Ablordeppey E, Drewry AM, Beyer AB, Theodoro DL. Fowler SA, Fuller BM, Carpenter CR; Diagnostic Accuracy of Central Venous Catheter Confirmation by Bedside Ultrasound Versus Chest Radiography in Critically Ill Patients:  A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Crit Care Med 2017; 45:  715-724.
  75. Lo A, Flood K, Biese K, Platts-Mills T, Donnelly J, Carpenter CR; Factors Associated with Hospital Admission for Older Adults Receiving Care in United States Emergency Departments, J Gerontol Med Sci 2017; 72:  1105-1109.
  76. Hoffman JR, Carpenter CR; Guarding Against Over-testing, Over-diagnosis, and Over-treatment of Older Adults:  Thinking Beyond Imaging and Injuries to Weigh Harms and Benefits, J Am Geriatr Soc 2017; 65:  903-905.
  77. Pinnock H, Barwick M, Carpenter CR, Eldridge S, Grandes G, Griffiths CJ, Rycroft-Malone J, Meissner P, Murray E, Patel A, Sheikh A, Taylor SJ; Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) Statement, BMJ 2017; 356:  i6795.
  78. Pinnock H, Barwick M, Carpenter CR, Eldridge S, Grandes-Odriozola G, Griffiths C, Rycroft-Malone J, Meissner P, Murray E, Patel A, Sheikh A, Taylor S; Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) Explanation and Elaboration Document, BMJ Open 2017; 7:  e013318.
  79. Carpenter CR, Émond M; Pragmatic Barriers to Assessing Post-Emergency Department Vulnerability for Poor Outcomes in an Ageing Society, Neth J Med 2016; 74:  327-329.
  80. Greenberg JK, Yan Y, Carpenter CR, Lumba-Brown A, Keller MS, Pineda JA, Brownson RC, Limbrick DD; Development and Internal Validation of a Clinical Risk Score for Treating Children with Mild Head Trauma and Intracranial Injury, JAMA Pediatr 2017; 171:  342-349.
  81. El Dib R, Tikkinen KAO, Akl EA, Goma HA, Mustafa RA, Agarwal A, Gomaa HA, Carpenter CR, Zhang Y, Jorge EC, Almeida R, do Nascimento Junior P, Doles JV, Mustafa AA, Sadeghirad B, Lopes LC, Bergamaschi CC, Suzumura EA, Cardoso MMA, Betini M, Corrente JE, Stone SB, Schunemann JH, Guyatt GH; Systematic Survey of Randomized Trials Evaluating the Impact of Alternative Diagnostic Strategies on Patient-Important Outcomes, J Clin Epidemiol 2017; 84:  61-69.
  82. Hullick C, Carpenter CR, Critchlow R, Burkett E, Arendts G, Nagaraj G, Rosen T; Abuse of the older person:  Is This the Case You Missed Last Shift?  Emerg Med Australas 2017; 29:  223-228.
  83. Carpenter CR, Pinnock H; Transforming Research to Practice Change:  StaRI Aims to Overcome Knowledge Inertia: The Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies Guidelines, J Am Geriatr Soc 2017; 65:  1664-1666.
  84. Carpenter CR, Arendts, Hullick C, Nagaraj G, Cooper Z, Burkett E; Major Trauma in the Older Patient – Evolving Trauma Care Beyond Management of Bumps and Bruises, Emerg Med Australas 2017; 29:  450-455.
  85. Walston J, Robinson TN, Zieman S, McFarland F, Carpenter CR, Althoff KN, Andrew MK, Blaum CS, Brown PJ, Buta B, Ely EW, Ferrucci L, High KP, Kritchevsky SB, Rockwood K, Schmader KE, Sierra F, Sink KM, Varadhan R, Hurria A; Integrating Frailty Research into the Medical Specialties – Report from a U13 Conference, J Am Geriatr Soc 2017; 65:  2134-2139.
  86. Carpenter CR, Meisel ZF; Overcoming the Tower of Babel in Medical Science by Finding the ‘EQUATOR’:  Research Reporting Guidelines, Acad Emerg Med 2017; 24:  1030-1033.
  87. Carpenter CR, Pinnock H; Starry Aims to Overcome Knowledge Translation Inertia:  The Standards for Reporting Implementation Studies (StaRI) Guidelines, Acad Emerg Med 2017; 1027-1029.
  88. Carpenter CR, In patients in the emergency department with acute pain, 10, 15, and 30 mg of ketorolac did not differ for pain relief, Ann Intern Med 2017; 166:  JC44. 
  89. Fuller BM, Carpenter CR; Pooled RCTs: Early goal-directed therapy does not reduce mortality more than usual care in early septic shock, Ann Intern Med 2017; 167:  JC6. 
  90. Lo AX, Biese K, Carpenter CR; Defining quality and outcomes in geriatric emergency care. Ann Emerg Med 2017; 70:  107-109.
  91. Carpenter CR, Melady D, Krausz C, Wagner J, Froelke B, Cordia J, Lowery D, Ruoff BE, Byrne LE, Miller DK, Lewis L; Improving Emergency Department Care for Aging Missourians: Guidelines, Accreditation, and Collaboration, Missouri Med 2017; 114:  447-452.
  92. Lewis L, Carpenter CR, Schwarz ES, Jotte RS, Waller C, Winograd R, Williams R, Stenger S, Rehder H, Governick, Giuffra L; The opioid crisis in Missouri:  A call to action for physicians, legislators, and society, Missouri Med 2017; 114:  440-446.
  93. Carpenter CR; Procalcitonin-guided starting and stopping of antibiotics in acute respiratory infections reduces mortality, Ann Intern Med 2018; 168:  JC19. 
  94. Varner C, Carpenter CR; Ibuprofen + acetaminophen did not differ from opioids + acetaminophen for reducing acute extremity pain at 2 hours, Ann Intern Med 2018; 168:  JC21. 
  95. Carpenter CR, Cameron A, Ganz DA, Liu S; Older adult falls in emergency medicine – A sentinel event, Clin Geriatr Med 2018; 34:  355-367.
  96. Barbic D, Kim B, Salehmohamed Q, Kemplin K, Carpenter CR, Barbic S; Diagnostic Accuracy of the Ottawa 3DY and Short Blessed Test to Detect Cognitive Impairment in Geriatric Patients Presenting to the Emergency Department, BMJ Open 2018; 8:  e019652.
  97. Burkett E, Macdonald SP,  Carpenter CR, Arendts G, Hullick C, Nagaraj G, Osborn TM; Sepsis in the Older Person: The Ravages of Time and Bacteria, Emerg Med Australasia 2018; 30; 249-258.
  98. Rosen T, Shah M, Lundebjerg NE, Singh C, McMillian M, Sarli CC, Suiter AM, Lee AG, Burton JR, Carpenter CR; Impact of Jahnigen/GEMSSTAR scholarships on careers of recipients in emergency medicine and on development of geriatric emergency medicine, Acad Emerg Med 2018; 25:  911-920.
  99. Ellis B, Carpenter CR; Lowthian JA, Mooijaart SP, Nickel CH, Melady D; Statement on Minimum Standards for the Care of Older People in Emergency Departments by the Geriatric Emergency Medicine Special Interest Group of the International Federation for Emergency Medicine, CJEM; 2018; 16:  1.
  100. Carpenter CR, Lewis L, Jotte R, Schwarz ES; A Bridge to Nowhere?  Challenging outpatient transitions of care for adult emergency department patients with acute pain in the opioid epidemic era, Missouri Medicine 2018; 115:  241-246.
  101. Prusaczyk B, Fabbre V, Carpenter CR, Morrow-Howell N, Proctor E; Measuring the Delivery of Complex Interventions Through Electronic Medical Records:  Challenges and Lessons Learned, EGEMS 2018; 6: 10. 
  102. Greenberg JK, Yan Y, Carpenter CR, Lumba-Brown, A, Keller MS, Pineda JA, Brownson RC, Limbrick DD; Development of the CIDSS2 score for children with mild head trauma without intracranial injury, J Neurotrauma 2018;  35:  2699-2707.
  103. Karlow N, Schlaepfer CH, Stoll CRT, Doering M, Carpenter CR, Colditz GA, Motov S, Schwarz ES; A systematic review and meta-analysis of ketamine as an alternative to opioids for acute pain in the emergency department, Acad Emerg Med 2018; 25:  1086-1097.
  104. Nagaraj G, Arendts G, Hullick C, Burkett E, Hill K, Carpenter CR; Avoiding anchoring bias by moving beyond ‘mechanical falls’ in geriatric emergency medicine, Emerg Med Australasia 2018; 30:  843-850.
  105. Greenberg JK, Jeffe D, Carpenter CR, Yan Y, Pineda JA, Lumba-Brown A, Keller MS, Berger D, Bollo RJ, Rivindra V, Naftel RP, Dewan M, Shah MN, Burns EC, O’Neill BR, Hankinson TC, Whitehead WE, Adelson PD, Tamber MS, McDonald PJ, West AN, Brownson RC, Limbrick DD; North American survey on the post-neuroimaging management of children with mild head injuries, J Neurosurg Pediatr 2018; 23:  227-235.
  106. Carpenter CR, Banerjee J, Keys D, Eagles D, Schnitker L, Barbic D, Fowler S, LaMantia MA; Accuracy of dementia screening instruments in emergency medicine – A diagnostic meta-analysis, Acad Emerg Med 2019; 26:  226-245.
  107. Fuller B, Mohr N, Avidan M, Carpenter CR, Kollef M; Protocol for a multicenter, prospective cohort study of practice patterns and clinical outcomes associated with Emergency Department SEDation for mechanically ventilated patients: the ED-SED, BMJ Open 2018; 8:  e023423.
  108. Stickles SP, Carpenter CR, Gekle R, Krauss C, Scoville C, Tran VH, Ubinas G, Raio C, The diagnostic accuracy of the Rapid Ultrasound in Shock (RUSH) exam for shock etiology:  a systematic review and meta-analysis, CJEM 2019; 21:  406-417.
  109. Ahmad F, Jeffe DB, Carpenter CR, Chernick LS, Stukus KS, Turco M, Yu FB, Bailey TC; Emergency departments directors are willing to expand reproductive health services for adolescents, J Adolesc Health 2019; 32:  170-174.
  110. Caterino JM, Kline DM, Leininger R, Southerland LT, Carpenter CR, Baugh C, Pallin D, Hunold K, Stevenson KB, Nonspecific symptoms lack diagnostic accuracy for infection in older patients in the emergency department,  J Am Geriatr Soc 2019; 67:  484-492.
  111. VandenBerg J, Cullison K, Fowler SA, McAndrew C, Carpenter CR; Blunt Thoracolumbar Spine Trauma Evaluation in the Emergency Department:  A Meta-analysis of Diagnostic Accuracy for History, Physical Exam, and Imaging, J Emerg Med 2019; 56:  153-165.
  112. Southerland L, Hunold KM, Carpenter CR, Caterino JM, Mion LC; A National Dataset Analysis of Older Adults in Emergency Department Observation Units, Am J Emerg Med 2019; 37:  1686-1690.
  113. Southerland LT, Pearson S, Hullick C, Carpenter CR, Arendts G; Safe to Send Home?  Discharge Risk Assessment in the Emergency Department, Emerg Med Australasia 2019; 31: 266-270.
  114. Carpenter CR; In Suspected ACS, Care Based on High-Sensitivity vs. Standard Cardiac Troponin I Assays Did Not Improve 1-Year Outcomes, Ann Intern Med 2018; 169:  JC68.
  115. Hurria A, Carpenter CR, McFarland F, Lundebjerg NE, DeCabo R, Ferrucci, L, Studenski S, Barzilai N, Briggs J, Ix J, Kitzman D, Kuchel GA, Musi N, Newman JC, Rando TA, Smith AK, Walston J, Kirkland JL, Yung R; Models and Studies of Aging: Executive Summary from the U13 Conference Series, J Am Geriatr Soc 2019; 67: 428-433.
  116. Carpenter CR, Hurria A, Walter LC, Lundebjerg N, Mody L; Leadership Lessons:  Developing Mentoring Infrastructure for GEMSSTARs, J Am Geriatr Soc 2019; 67:  650-656.
  117. Carpenter CR, Cameron A, Ganz DA, Liu S; Older adult falls in emergency medicine – 2019 Update, Clin Geriatr Med 2019; 35:  205-219.
  118. Prusaczyk B, Olsen MA, Carpenter CR, Proctor E; Differences in transitional Care for Older Adults With and Without Dementia, J Gerontol Nurs 2019; 45:  15-22.
  119. Sacchetti A, Carpenter C, Husain A; Should there now be a geriatric BRUE?  Ann Emerg Med 2019; 73:  426-427.
  120. Fuller BM, Roberts BW, Mohr NM, Knight WA, Adeoye O, Pappal RD, Marshall S, Alunday R, Dettmer M, Goyal M, Gibson C, Levine BJ, Gardner-Gray JM, Mosier J, Dargin J, Mackay F, Johnson NJ, Lokhandwala S, Hough CL, Tonna JE, Tsolinas R, Lin F, Qasim ZA, Harvey CE, Bassin B, Stephens RJ, Yan Y, Carpenter CR, Kollef MH, Avidan MS; The ED-SED Study: A Multi-center, Prospective Cohort Study of Practice Patterns and Clinical Outcomes Associated with Emergency Department SEDation for Mechanically Ventilated Patients, Crit Care 2019; 47:  1539-1548.
  121. Kent T, Lesser A, Israni J, Hwang U, Carpenter C, Ko KJ; 30-day emergency department revisit rates among older adults with documented dementia, J Am Geriatr Soc 2019; 67:  2254-2259.
  122. Carpenter CR, McFarland F, Avidan M, Berger M, Inouye SK, Karlawish J, Lin FR, Marcantonio E, Morris J, Reuben D, Shah R, Whitson H, Asthana S, Verghese J; Impact of cognitive impairment across specialties:  summary of a report from the U13 Conference Series, J Am Geriatr Soc 2019; 67:  2011-2017.
  123. Burkett E, Carpenter CR, Arendts G, Hullick C, Paterson D, Caterino J; Diagnosis of urinary tract infection in older persons in the ED:  To pee or not to pee, that is the question, Emerg Med Australasia 2019; 31:  856-862.
  124. Moore C, Carpenter CR, Heilbrun ME, Klauer K, Krambeck A, Moreno C, Remer EM, Scales C, Shaw MM, Sternberg KM; Imaging in Suspected Renal Colic:  Systematic Review of the Literature and Multispecialty Consensus, J Urology 2019; 202:  475-483.
  125. Moore C, Carpenter CR, Heilbrun ME, Klauer K, Krambeck A, Moreno C, Remer EM, Scales C, Shaw MM, Sternberg KM; Imaging in Suspected Renal Colic:  Systematic Review of the Literature and Multispecialty Consensus, Ann Emerg Med 2019; 74:  391-399.
  126. Moore C, Carpenter CR, Heilbrun ME, Klauer K, Krambeck A, Moreno C, Remer EM, Scales C, Shaw MM, Sternberg KM; Imaging in Suspected Renal Colic:  Systematic Review of the Literature and Multispecialty Consensus, J Am Coll Radiol 2019; 16: 1132-1143.
  127. Southerland LT, Lo AX, Biese K, Arendts G, Banerjee J, Hwang U, Dresden S, Argento V, Kennedy M, Shenvi CL, Carpenter CR; Concepts in Practice:  Geriatric emergency departments, Ann Emerg Med 2019; 75:  162-170.
  128. Southerland LT, Stephens JA, Carpenter CR, Mion LC, Moffatt-Bruce SD, Zachman A, Hill M, Caterino J; Study Protocol for IMAGE: Implementing Multidisciplinary Assessments for Geriatric Patients in an Emergency Department Observation Unit, a Hybrid Effectiveness/Implementation study using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, Implementation Science Communications (2020)
  129. Silva L, Berning M, Suarez E, Walker LE, Erwin PJ, Carpenter CR, Bellolio MF; Interventions to improve older adults’ emergency department patient experience: a systematic review  Am J Emerg Med 2020(in press)
  130. Kaeppeli T, Rueegg, M, Dreher-Hummel T, Brabrand M, Kabell-Nissen S, Carpenter CR, Bingisser R, Nickel CH; Validation of the Clinical Frailty Scale in an urban emergency department, Ann Emerg Med 2020 (in press)
  131. Carpenter CR, Hollong B, Simon E, Graham CA; Analysing the Literature: A Research Primer for Low- and Middle-Income Countries, Af J Emerg Med 2020 (in press)
  132. Carpenter CR, Mudd P, West CP, Wilber E, Wilber ST; Diagnosing COVID-19 in the emergency department: A scoping review of clinical exam, labs, and imaging accuracy and biases, Acad Emerg Med (in press)

Books

  1. Pines J, Carpenter CR, Raja A, Schuur J. Evidence-Based Emergency Care: Diagnostic Testing and Clinical Decision Rules 2nd Edition, Oxford UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. ISBN 978-0-470-65783-6
  2. Mattu A, Grossman S, Rosen P, Anderson R, Carpenter CR, Chang A, Hirshon JM, Hwang U, Kennedy M, Melady D, Tolia V, Wilber S. Geriatric Emergencies:  A Discussion-Based Review, Wiley-Blackwell 2016 ISBN:  978-1-118-75334-7

Book Chapters

  1. Carpenter CR; Alcoholic Ketoacidosis. Adams J (ed): Emergency Medicine. Saunders Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2008; 1735-1738.
  2. Carpenter CR, Stern M, Sanders AB; Caring for the Elderly. Rowe BH, Lang ES, Houry D, Newman DH, Wyer PC, (eds): Evidence Based Emergency Medicine. Oxford UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2009; 260-270.
  3. Carpenter CR; Teaching Lifelong Learning Skills: Journal Club and Beyond. Rogers RL, Mattu A. Winter M, Martinez J (eds): Practical Teaching in Emergency Medicine 2nd Edition. Oxford UK, Wiley-Blackwell, 2012.
  4. Carpenter CR; Falls and Fall Prevention in the Elderly. Kahn JH, Olshaker J, Magauran B (eds): Geriatric Emergency Medicine. Cambridge University Press 2014.
  5. Lowery D, Carpenter CR; Cardiac Patients at End of Life in the Emergency Department. Goodlin SJ, Rich MW (eds): End-of-Life in Cardiovascular Disease. London UK, Springer-Verlag, 2015.
  6. Hunter B, Carpenter CR; The Development of Clinical Prediction Rules. Wilson MP, Guluma KZ, Hayden S (eds): Making Order Out of Chaos: Practical Advice for Doing Research in the Emergency and Acute Care Setting.” Wiley (2015)
  7. Carpenter CR, Taleghani N; Older Adults in the Wilderness. Auerbach PS (eds): Wilderness Medicine, 7th Edition. Elsevier (2016).
  8. Carpenter CR, Ruoff B; Evidence Based Medicine and Wilderness Medicine. Auerbach PS (eds): Wilderness Medicine, 7th Edition. Elsevier (2016).
  9. Kane B, Carpenter C; Cognition and Decision Making. Fondahn E, Lane M, Vannucci A (eds):  Washington University Manual of Patient Safety and Quality, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins 2016; 195-209.
  10. Carpenter CR, Rosen P. Geriatric Trauma.  Mattu A, Grossman S, Rosen P, Anderson R, Carpenter CR, Chang A, Hirshon JM, Hwang U, Kennedy M, Melady D, Tolia V, Wilber S. (eds) Geriatric Emergencies:  A Discussion-Based Review, Wiley-Blackwell 2016; 280-303.